Bird Watching & Wild Life Refuge
Little Pend Oreille National Wildlife Refuge provides important habitat for 206 bird, 58 mammal, 8 reptile, and 6 amphibian species. It is an important area for birds, particularly migratory songbirds. It provides habitat for the threatened Canada lynx and other forest carnivores, and critical winter range for white-tailed deer. During winter, deer migrate from the north, east, and south to the west side of the Refuge where the snow is not as deep as at higher elevations. Bald eagles winter along the Little Pend Oreille River and have nested at Bayley Lake. Forest bird communities include a mixture of eastern and western species. Refuge lakes and marshes provide a spring and fall stopover point for migratory waterfowl. The Refuge, in combination with adjacent public lands, provides for species that require large tracts of forest habitat.
Two hundred and six bird species have been recorded on the Refuge. Bald eagles nest at Bayley Lake and use the Little Pend Oreille River during the winter months. Forest passerine birds are plentiful and include a mixture of eastern and western species. Cavity-dependent birds, such as woodpeckers, nuthatches, and chickadees are also abundant. Lakes and marshes provide spring stop over points for migratory waterfowl. Nesting waterfowl include Canada geese, mallards, red-necked grebes, common goldeneyes, wood ducks, and common and hooded mergansers. Species of special interest occurring on the Refuge include: golden eagle, northern goshawk, flammulated owl, Vaux swift, white-headed, pileated, Lewis and black-backed woodpeckers.